At 12 to 18 months of age, toddlers begin to become interested in the world around them.
Still, they view everything in terms of themselves. As they start to discover other people, they learn how to elicit reactions from them. As they continue to grow, they learn to socialize by trial and error.
In the tenth month, most babies stand holding on something, walk with the support and pull up to standing position from sitting. They can wave goodbyes, crawl well and thumb and finger pincer grasp to pick up things.
As your child grows, he or she will display certain personality traits.
Some of these are learned, others genetic. Respect your child’s developing individuality and don’t expect him or her to be just like you.
Most baby experts agree that a toddler will be ready to move from a cot to a "big girl" bed between the ages of 2 and 3 years old.
Physically, it’s recommended that your toddler has reached a height of three feet (90 cm) tall.
During the first year of life, your baby will grow and develop at an amazing speed. Her weight will double by 5 to 6 months, and triple by her first birthday. And she is constantly learning.
Major achievements – called developmental milestones – include rolling over, sitting up, standing and possibly walking.
Kids acquire speech, like all the other developmental skills, at their own pace. Most children who talk late eventually catch up. Use this guide to identify speech delays.
Toddlers learn by playing and they learn a lot between ages 1 and 3.
At 1, a child may be working on a wobbly walk and just starting to use words. But by 3, most can balance briefly on one foot and speak in short sentences.
During these important years, toddlers will enjoy playing simple games with their parents and other caregivers. But they also can start enjoying group games with other young children, though they’ll need adult assistance.
Between 2 and 3 years, toddlers learn how to jump off low structures, and eventually how to jump from a standing position. Both of these skills require bilateral coordination, or the ability to use both sides of your body to do something different.
At 2 1/2 concentration and attention span is growing, although it is still fairly short. This means your child can easily become absorbed in the activity at hand and not remember simple things, like forgetting to take a potty break in children that have been toilet trained.
Because there is such a wide range of normal ages for beginning to talk, it’s actually more useful to pay attention to how well your baby understands what you say to him.
By 14-15 months, most toddlers will follow at least one verbal command, without any visual cues.
At his first birthday, your child will likely use one to five words meaningfully. By 14 months, that working vocabulary may grow to seven real words, though he may have up to 20 words.
Babies do not develop at the same rate. There is a wide range of what is considered "normal."
Your baby may be ahead in some areas and slightly behind in others. If you are worried about possible delays, talk to your baby’s health care provider.
Height / weight tables for newborns to 2 year olds used by doctors and dietitians were developed from a single community of Ohio Caucasian, bottle fed babies between 1929 and 1975 who came from families of similar socioeconomic backgrounds.
These babies were not measured often enough (every 3 months) yet their data is used to measure every US infant.
Growth slows down in a child’s second year. This means toddlers often have smaller appetites and need less food.
The amount eaten from day to day can change dramatically. Although this sometimes worries parents, this change is normal and doesn’t mean your child is being difficult or is unwell.
At 19-24 months, toddlers can use a spoon, dress themselves with help and use partially understandable speech. They may begin to understand abstract concepts such as "sooner" and "later."
Kids make big leaps in vocabulary during in toddlerhood, and learn about letters, shapes, colors, weather, animals, seasons – all of which can be reinforced through books.
Choose ones with many pictures your child can point to and name.
Tags: milestones, reading
Allow your child to experience the bumps and bruises of learning to walk and relate to others.
If you are too quick to pick him or her up, he or she will believe him or herself to be helpless and a victim. Allow your toddler the pride of being able to overcome obstacles and setbacks.
Tags: motor skills, milestones
Most toddler who aren’t talking ‘well’ aren’t really delayed. They may not be talking as much as their parents want or expect them too, but that can still be normal.
Before labeling your child’s speech as delayed, consider that most toddlers: begin to say Mama and Dada between 7 and 15 months, say 4-6 words between 11 and 22 months and say 50 or more words between 18 and 27 months.
Tags: motor skills, milestones