19-24 milestones

At 19-24 months, toddlers can use a spoon, dress themselves with help and use partially understandable speech. They may begin to understand abstract concepts such as "sooner" and "later."

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Speech milestones

Most toddler who aren’t talking ‘well’ aren’t really delayed. They may not be talking as much as their parents want or expect them too, but that can still be normal.

Before labeling your child’s speech as delayed, consider that most toddlers: begin to say Mama and Dada between 7 and 15 months, say 4-6 words between 11 and 22 months and say 50 or more words between 18 and 27 months.

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Toddler age and dexterity

Toddlers from 24 to 36 months are beginning to be able to turn paper pages, so this is a good time to expand beyond board books. They’re also beginning to understand the mechanics of reading and like books that are repetitive and easy to memorize so that they can "read" along.

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Fun and fine motor control

Finger painting is just one of the ways your toddler begins to gain fine motor control.

Finger painting may seem like a mess now, but it is paving the way for more refined skills like holding a pencil, using buttons and zippers or tying shoes.

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Practicing motor skills with food

Cooked peas, corn, and green beans can help toddlers practice using their pincher grip to develop small motor skills as they enjoy a healthy meal.

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Children love mirrors

Place safe mirrors at eye level.

When the child is first learning to push up on their arms when on their stomach, this is a great way to have children tolerate this position. You can sit or stand the child in front of a mirror and encourage movement.

They can follow and imitate what you do and you can mimic what they are doing.

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When toddlers learn

Toddlers learn by playing and they learn a lot between ages 1 and 3.

At 1, a child may be working on a wobbly walk and just starting to use words. But by 3, most can balance briefly on one foot and speak in short sentences.

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Enhancing coordination

Throwing balls of different sizes and weights requires balance, coordination, and the use of two hands.

When they are able to throw it, place a block tower in front of them and encourage them to hit the tower.

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Balls and motor skills

Balls can be used as early as when the child is beginning to sit. Propping their arms up higher on a pillows or a box may help them to sit on their own and encourages their back to be more upright.

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Improving hand/eye coodination

Toddlers love to sing and dance. Songs with hand motions are a great way for toddlers to learn fine motor skills. Children begin doing small hand motions at around 18 months old, but after about age 2 they are ready to do most of the hand motions to their favorite songs.

Some of their favorites: "Itsy-Bitsy Spider", "Patty Cake", "If You’re Happy and You Know it Clap Your Hands".

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Setting up coloring for kids

Hang the paper on the wall (or a wall easel or kid’s floor easel ). On the floor, by the paper, place pillows, cushions, or mats.

Have the children stand on the soft surface to color. This will help the children with their balance.

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